Chapter 6

social interactions
refers to the process by which people act and react in relation to others
status
is a social position that that a person holds
status set
refers to all statuses a person holds at a given time
ascribed
status is a social position a person receives at birth or assumes voluntarily later in lide
achieved
status is a social position a person assumes voluntarily that reflects person ability and effort
master
status is one that has special importance for social identity, often shaping a person’s entire life
role
refers to behavior is expected of someone who holds a particular status.
role set
is a number of roles attached to a single status
role conflict
refers to conflict among the roles connected to two or more statuses.
role strain
refers to tension among the roles connected to a single status.
social construction of reality
refers to the process by which people creatively shape reality through social interaction.
thomas theorem
refers to W.I. Thomas’ assertion that situations that are defined as real are real in their consequences
ethnomethodology
is Harold Garfinkel’s term for the study of the way people make sense of their everyday surroundings
dramaturgical analysis
is Erving Goffman’s term for the study of social interactions in terms of theatrical performance.
presentation of self
refers to Goffman’s term for an individual’s efforts to create specific impressions in the minds of others.
nonverbal communication
refers to communication using body movements, gestures and facial expressions rather than speech.
personal space
refers to surrounding area over which a person makes some claim to privacy.
A daughter, a Cuban, a teenager and a widower are all examples of a(n)
ascribed status
The story by Piri Thomas concerning his encounter on a New York City street was used to illustrate the social construction of reality and
role strain
The Thomas theorem states that
situations defined as real are real in their consequences
What is the term for the study of the way people make sense of their everyday surroundings.
ethnomethodology
The approach used by ethnomethodologists to study everyday interaction involves
breaking rules
The investigation of social interaction in terms of theatrical performance is referred to as
dramaturgical analysis
The process of presentation of self is also known as
impression management
What is demeanor
the way we act and carry ourselves.
Trying to convince others (and perhaps ourselves) that what we do reflects ideal cultural Standards rather than selfish motives refers to
idealization
Helping a person to “save face,” or avoid embarrassment, is called
tact
Research by Deborah Tannen concerning communication problems between women and men focuses on the issue of
power
Which of the following is not a function of humor?
Humor can be a safety valve.
×
Sarah
Danielle
Wilson
Hi there, would you like to get such a paper?
How about receiving a customized one?
Check it out
HAVEN'T FOUND THE ESSAY YOU WANT?
For Only $13.90/page