Final Exam: Chapter 14 key notes and questions

Creoles
Persons of full blooded European descent who were born in the Spanish American colonies.
Creoles
Enlightenment
Intellectual movement in eighteenth-century Europe stresing natural laws and reason as the basis of authority.
Enlightenment
Forbidden City of Beijing
Palace city of the Ming and Qing dynasties.
Forbidden City of Beijing
Oceania
Collective name for the lands of Australia and New Zealand and the islands of the southwest Pacific Ocean.
Oceania
Palace of Versailles
The palace complex, eleven miles away from the French capital of PAris, built by Louis XIV in the 1670s and 1680s to house and entertain his leading clergymen and nobles, with the hopes of diverting them from plotting against him.
Palace of Versailles
Peninsulares
Spaniards who, although born in spain, resided in the spanish colonial territories. They regarded themselves as superior to Spaniards born in the colonies (creoles)
Peninsulares
Philosophes
Enlightenment thinkers who applied scientific reasoning to human interaction and society as opposed to nature.
Philosophes
Scientific Method
Method of inquiry based on experimentation in nature. Many of its principals were first laid out by the philosopher Sir Francis Bacon (1562-1626), who claimed that real science entailed the formulation of hypotheses that could be tested in carefully controlled experiments.
Taj Mahal
Royal palace of the Mughal Empire, built by Shah Jahan in the seventeenth century in homage to his wife, Mumtaz.
Taj Mahal
What was the role of the ottoman Tekkes schools?
The role of the ottoman Tekkes schools were to teach students how to become sufi masters. Sufi masters promoted social and religious solidarity among the Muslim subjects of the empire.
Which group closed off the studies into European science, history, and geography, begun by Ibrahim Muteferrika?
Which of the following is often seen as the epitome of the blending of Persian, Islamic, and Indian traditions?
What were the most popular books published in Ming China?
How did literary culture of late Ming and early Qing China affect elite women’s lives?
Because elite woman could now write it changed the way men thought about them. Not only could women be great wives but they could also be great writers and even in some cases publishers.
Why did Ming China escape the sectarian warfare that ravaged Europe?
The Chinese saw the enforcement of orthodox values and social order as a political issue instead of a religious one.
Why did the chinese devote a great deal of attention to astronomy and calendrical science?
They believed that the stability of the kingdom depended on the emperor’s ability to calculate correct dates for festivals, court sessions, mourning periods, and agricultural work.
Why did the chinese devote a great deal of attention to astronomy and calendrical science?
For what reason did the chinese take little interest in the maps brought by Matteo Ricci?
The maps challenged their belief that the world was flat. His maps showed that the world was a sphere. Matteo Ricci’s maps also showed that China was just one country among many others. They complained he treated the Ming Empire as a small unimportant country. He placed China closer to the center of the maps and provided additional textual information. Still, his maps had a negative impact as neither the earths shape nor precise scale was important to chinese geographers.
For what reason did the chinese take little interest in the maps brought by Matteo Ricci?
How did popular culture in Tokugawa Japan subvert its social order?
Those who were usually considered inferior – Actors, musicians , courtesans, and others seen as possessing low morals- became idols. This burst of power now gave people with these low morals a new social status which was disliked by the hierarchy.
What type of significant artwork was produced by the Oyo Empire and Benin?
Stunning bronzes were produced by the Oyo Empire and Benin. West African bronzes reflect ruler’s power and there peoples high esteem.
How did Asante kings use the wealth they acquired from trade?
What ideas did European Enlightenment thinkers hold in common?
They wanted to improve their societies and search for universal, objective knowledge.
Francis Bacon’s method of scientific inquiry asserted which of the following?
Conducting experiments were the only way that humans could begin to understand the workings of nature.
Francis Bacon's method of scientific inquiry asserted which of the following?
What types of characteristics did Carolus Linnaeus use to define racial categories?
He used physical appearance and form of governance
What types of characteristics did Carolus Linnaeus use to define racial categories?
Which of the following is a similarity between indigenous peoples in the pacific and the Americas?
In what way might the transporting of british prisoners to Australia be considered an Enlightenment concept?
Which of the following did Captain Cook and Christopher Columbus have in common?
They both kidnapped native people and took them home to study
Which of the following did Captain Cook and Christopher Columbus have in common?
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