History chapter 19,20,21, & 22 study set (alphabetical)

A main cause of the Great Depression was:

a.Hoover’s ties with business.

b.increased European demand for American goods.

c.declining American purchasing power.

d.excessive government regulation of business.

e.the 1924 Immigration Act.

c.
According to Andre Siegfried, what did Americans consider to be a “sacred acquisition”?

a.The right to vote.

b.A standard of living.

c.Ownership of a home.

d.Working for a living wage.

e.Civil liberties.

b.
African-Americans who migrated to the North during the “Great Migration” encountered all of the following conditions EXCEPT:

a.restricted employment opportunities.

b.menial and unskilled jobs.

c.exclusion from the public school system.

d.housing segregation.

e.violence.

c.
Agriculture in the 1920s:

a.enjoyed its golden age.

b.did not see an increase in mechanization or use of fertilizers and insecticides.

c.did not significantly increase production.

d.experienced declining incomes and increased bank foreclosures.

e.experienced an increase in the number of farms and farmers.

d.
All of the statements about Roosevelt’s group of advisers known as the “Brain Trust” are true EXCEPT:

a.the “Brain Trust” saw big corporations as an inevitable part of the modern economy.

b.the “Brain Trust” believed that large corporations needed to be directed by the government.

c.the “Brain Trust” included university professors.

d.their economic views defined the “First New Deal.”

e.the “Brain Trust” believed that large corporations needed to be dismantled.

e.
All of the statements about Prohibition during the1920s are true EXCEPT:

a.Prohibition reduced American consumption of alcohol.

b.Prohibition was violated by many Americans.

c.Prohibition led to widespread corruption among law officials.

d.Prohibition led to large profits for the owners of speakeasies and for the bootleggers who supplied them.

e.Religious fundamentalists opposed Prohibition on the grounds that it violated freedom.

e.
America’s empire in the early twentieth century was all of the following EXCEPT:

a.economic.

b.territorial.

c.cultural.

d.intellectual.

e.commercial.

b.
American foreign policy during the 1920s:

a.reflected the close relationship between government and business.

b.expanded on Woodrow Wilson’s goal of internationalism.

c.included the lowering of tariffs.

d.discouraged American business investment abroad.

e.included a complete retreat from military intervention.

a.
“Americanization”:

a.was another term for “Fordism.”

b.was supported by all Progressives.

c.recognized diversity.

d.refers to the process of assimilation.

e.refers to an economic system.

c.
As fascism rose in Europe and Asia during the 1930s, most Americans:

a.supported U.S. intervention.

b.supported U.S. neutrality.

c.wanted to move beyond isolationism.

d.remained ambivalent.

e.favored an end to international trade.

b.
As president, Woodrow Wilson:

a.pledged to continue Dollar Diplomacy.

b.emphasized the profit aspect of foreign trade.

c.never resorted to military intervention abroad.

d.pledged to stay out of Latin America and kept his word.

e.believed that the export of U.S. manufactured goods went hand in hand with the spread of democracy.

e.
Besides work and school, the most active agents of Americanization during the 1920s were:

a.churches, political parties, and fraternal organizations.

b.the Ku Klux Klan and the Immigrant Restriction League.

c.the Supreme Court and Congress.

d.dance halls, department stores, and movie theaters.

e.women’s organizations and the NAACP.

d.
Black internationalism during World War II:

a.was a new movement with no historical antecedents.

b.was a complete rejection of Marcus Garvey’s political ideals.

c.was rejected by W. E. B. Du Bois.

d.connected the plight of black Americans to that of people of color worldwide.

e.supported colonial rule if it followed the principles of the New Deal.

d.
By 1935, the New Deal:

a.had ended the Depression.

b.had the full support of the Supreme Court.

c.was validated in the United States v. Butler decision.

d.faced mounting pressures and criticism.

e.was declared unconstitutional.

d.
Cultural pluralism:

a.was the adopted philosophy of the Ku Klux Klan.

b.described a society that gloried in ethnic diversity.

c.was denounced by Randolph Bourne.

d.described the mood in Congress when it passed the Immigration Act.

e.was the driving force behind the conviction of Sacco and Vanzetti.

b.
Cultural pluralism:

a.challenged the idea that southeastern Europeans were unfit for citizenship.

b.was another way of describing the process of Americanization.

c.represented the underlying principles of the 1924 Immigration Act.

d.was a theory that shaped most public policy during the 1920s.

e.was not favored by most immigrants.

a.
“D-Day” refers to the:

a.Allied invasion of the Soviet Union.

b.Allied invasion of Japan.

c.Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor.

d.dropping of the atomic bombs on Japan.

e.Allied invasion of Europe at Normandy.

e.
December 7, 1941, is known as a “date that will live in infamy,” referring to:

a.the German invasion of Poland.

b.the Japanese assault on Indochina.

c.the Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor.

d.the German declaration of war against the United States.

e.Jeannette Rankin’s vote against a declaration of war.

c.
Dollar Diplomacy:

a.characterizes the foreign policy of Theodore Roosevelt.

b.was put in place by Woodrow Wilson regarding Mexico.

c.was used by William Howard Taft instead of military intervention.

d.was seldom used and never successfully.

e.was applied only in Asia.

c.
During the Roosevelt administration, the Democratic Party emerged into a coalition that included all of the following EXCEPT:

a.farmers.

b.the white supremacist South.

c.the business elite.

d.industrial workers.

e.northern African-Americans.

c.
During the 1920s:

a.an estimated 40 percent of the population remained in poverty.

b.real wages rose faster than corporate profits.

c.wealth became more evenly distributed.

d.small auto companies flourished.

e.New England experienced an industrial revival.

a.
During the 1920s, American multinational corporations:

a.resisted new ventures abroad in the aftermath of World War I.

b.demonstrated limited interest in controlling raw materials in other countries.

c.produced few automobiles for international markets.

d.extended their reach throughout the world.

e.reduced investments overseas.

d.
During the war, Americans:

a.experienced the rationing of scarce consumer goods such as gasoline.

b.found fewer consumer goods available by 1944.

c.still suffered from high unemployment.

d.were told that the end of war might bring a return of the Great Depression.

e.experienced extreme deprivation.

a.
During World War I, Americans reacted to German-Americans and Germans in all of the following ways EXCEPT:

a.in Iowa, the governor required that all oral communication be done in English.

b.”hamburger” was changed to “liberty sandwich.”

c.the director of the Boston Symphony was interned for playing the works of German composers.

d.the teaching of foreign languages was restricted in many states.

During World War I, the federal government:

a.intervened minimally in the economy.

b.encouraged farmers only to produce for American consumption.

c.increased corporate and individual income taxes.

d.pursued a laissez-faire economic policy.

e.established the minimum wage and the eight-hour day.

c.
Eugenics is:

a.the study of the supposed mental characteristics of different races.

b.the movement toward colonization in Africa by blacks from the United States.

c.the practice of using poison gas by the Germans during World War I.

d.the socialist strategy of infiltrating labor unions in the United States.

e.the genetic modification of human behavior.

a.
Executive Order 9066:

a.was overturned by the Supreme Court.

b.authorized the internment of German-Americans.

c.authorized the internment of Italian-Americans.

d.authorized the internment of Japanese-Americans.

e.exempted all those who were technically American citizens.

d.
FDR’s Four Freedoms include all of the following EXCEPT:

a.freedom from want.

b.freedom of speech.

c.freedom from fear.

d.freedom of enterprise.

e.freedom of religion.

d.
Fearing the growth of the Communist Party in America, Congress passed the:

a.Smith Act.

b.Wagner Act.

c.Civil Liberties Act.

d.Lundeen Act.

e.Popular Front Act.

a.
Government propaganda and war films portrayed the Japanese as:

a.blameless victims of their own government.

b.similar to the Germans and Italians.

c.bestial and subhuman.

d.freedom fighters.

e.communists.

c.
In fireside chats and public addresses, President Roosevelt connected freedom with:

a.economic security.

b.cuts in government spending.

c.Keynesian economic theory.

d.economic inequality.

e.laissez-faire economics.

a.
In the 1920s, employers embraced the American Plan, which:

a.was developed by the Communist Party.

b.was another term for Americanization.

c.was applauded by the American Federation of Labor.

d.advocated government regulation of business.

e.advocated the “open shop.”

e.
In the 1920s, movies, radios, and phonographs:

a.were all out of reach of most consumers.

b.helped create and spread a new celebrity culture.

c.were not yet available.

d.appealed only to women.

e.were only available in urban areas.

b.
In 1940, the “cash and carry” plan:

a.allowed Great Britain to purchase U.S. arms on a restricted basis.

b.allowed Germany to purchase U.S. arms on a restricted basis.

c.allowed Japan to purchase U.S. arms on a restricted basis.

d.allowed all belligerents to purchase U.S. arms on a restricted basis.

e.was voted down by Congress.

a.
In the United States during World War II:

a.unemployment declined, production soared, and income taxes increased.

b.the economy grew only slightly.

c.income taxes increased only for the wealthy.

d.little was done to regulate the economy.

e.the actual size of the federal government shrank as the New Deal ended.

a.
Keynesian economics:

a.relied on limited government spending.

b.relied on large-scale government spending.

c.was based on maintaining a balanced budget.

d.was rejected by Roosevelt as unworkable.

e.focused on economic planning.

b.
Labor unions lost members in the 1920s for all of the following reasons EXCEPT:

a.companies supported propaganda campaigns that linked unions with socialism.

b.companies began to adopt a program of “welfare capitalism.”

c.labor unions were tarnished by the 1919 labor upsurge.

d.some corporations began to provide employees with pensions and medical insurance.

e.through collective bargaining, labor unions had secured a national eight-hour day.

e.
Liberalism during the New Deal came to be understood as:

a.limited government and free market enterprise.

b.active government to uplift less fortunate members of society.

c.a trust in the government to regulate personal behavior.

d.individual autonomy, limited government, and unregulated capitalism.

e.workers’ ownership of the means of production.

b.
Organized labor assisted in the war effort by:

a.decreasing union membership.

b.agreeing to a no-strike pledge.

c.accepting wage cuts.

d.asking Congress to abolish Social Security.

e.joining the army.

b.
President Hoover responded to the onset of the Depression by:

a.immediately increasing government aid to the unemployed.

b.cutting taxes.

c.decreasing tariffs.

d.reassuring Americans that “the tide had turned.”

e.resigning from office.

d.
“Rosie the Riveter”:

a.refers to a movie star during World War II.

b.was a term applied only to black women workers.

c.described only single women workers.

d.refers to Norman Rockwell’s image of a female industrial laborer.

e.refers to a type of industrial machinery.

d.
The Agricultural Adjustment Act:

a.raised farm prices by establishing quotas and paying farmers not to plant more.

b.lowered farm prices by establishing quotas and paying farmers to grow more.

c.was beneficial to sharecroppers and tenant farmers.

d.established a government program of distributing food to the hungry.

e.was limited to the West Coast.

a.
The anti-German crusade included all of the following measures EXCEPT:

a.changing “hamburger” to “liberty sandwich.”

b.changing “sauerkraut” to “liberty cabbage.”

c.banning German music.

d.the decline in teaching German language.

e.barring German-Americans from serving in the military.

e.
The double-V campaign was:

a.the Allied war efforts in Europe and Asia.

b.the effort to end discrimination against Mexican immigrants and blacks.

c.women’s struggle for acceptance as industrial workers and mothers.

d.the effort to end discrimination against blacks while fighting fascism.

e.not supported by the NAACP.

d.
The Eighteenth Amendment:

a.prohibited the manufacture and sale of alcoholic beverages.

b.prohibited the manufacture and sale of any German products.

c.was never ratified.

d.barred states from passing laws prohibiting alcohol manufacture or sale.

e.protected the beer industry.

a.
The Espionage Act (1917) and the Sedition Act (1918)

a.were the first federal restrictions on free speech since 1798.

b.drew mostly from similar language in state law.

c.came after strong public calls for a more “defensible democracy.”

d.copied similar legislation from Germany, Russia, and the Ottoman Empire.

e.were put on the books but never applied.

a.
The Fair Labor Standards Act instituted all of the following changes EXCEPT:

a.it banned goods produced by child labor from interstate commerce.

b.it established the fifty-hour workweek.

c.it set the minimum wage.

d.it required overtime pay.

e.it regulated working conditions.

b.
The First New Deal:

a.was a series of policy experiments.

b.led to the construction of few public facilities.

c.ended unemployment.

d.ended the Great Depression.

e.provided relief to very few Americans.

a.
The first thing that Roosevelt attended to as president was the:

a.housing crisis.

b.farming crisis.

c.banking crisis.

d.unemployment crisis.

e.tariff crisis.

c.
The flapper:

a.epitomized the change in standards of sexual behavior.

b.represented a new political movement.

c.represented a new economic radicalism.

d.disapproved of smoking.

e.demanded a return to earlier standards of behavior.

a.
The Four Freedoms:

a.was a campaign slogan of the Republicans.

b.were the war aims of Nazi Germany.

c.were President Roosevelt’s statement of the Allied war aims.

d.included the freedom to join the Communist Party.

e.did not apply to Jehovah’s Witnesses.

c.
The Four Freedoms Show toured the country to persuade Americans to:

a.vote for Franklin Roosevelt’s third term in 1940.

b.enter the European war.

c.buy war bonds.

d.oppose U.S. involvement in World War II.

e.support the Good Neighbor Policy.

c.
The GI Bill of Rights:

a.was very limited in scope.

b.included scholarships for education for veterans.

c.extended benefits to very few veterans.

d.did not include health insurance.

e.was unavailable for African-American veterans.

b.
The Great Depression shaped the lives of Americans in all of the following ways EXCEPT:

a.many Americans took to the road in search of work.

b.many Americans left cities for the countryside.

c.there was massive unemployment.

d.many Americans lived in Hoovervilles.

e.the American suicide rate declined.

e.
The Great Depression was caused by all of the following factors EXCEPT:

a.a land speculation bubble in Florida.

b.an unequal distribution of wealth.

c.an agricultural recession throughout the decade.

d.stagnated sales in the auto and consumer goods industries after 1926.

e.increased government regulation of banking and the stock market.

e.
“The Great Migration” refers to:

a.whites settling the West.

b.Indian removal.

c.blacks moving from the South to the North.

d.blacks moving from the North to the South.

e.the massive influx of southern and eastern European immigrants.

c.
The Holocaust:

a.was the spread of contagious disease in Asia.

b.was the mass extermination of millions of Jews and others in Nazi death camps.

c.included the dropping of the atomic bombs on Japan.

d.is the equivalent of D-Day.

e.was the mass slaughter of the Chinese during the Japanese invasion.

b.
The Ku Klux Klan:

a.declined in the 1920s and eventually disappeared completely.

b.flourished in the early 1920s, especially in the North and West.

c.had fewer than 500 members nationwide by the mid-1920s.

d.continued to only target African-Americans.

e.was limited in its political influence.

b.
The National Industrial Recovery Act:

a.was never passed.

b.established codes that set standards for production, prices, and wages in several industries.

c.established codes that continued the open-shop policies of the 1920s.

d.encouraged “cutthroat” competition between businesses.

e.was an economic policy later adopted successfully in Hitler’s Germany.

b.
The policy of U.S. neutrality was:

a.honored by all the combatants.

b.tested only by the British.

c.tested only by the Germans.

d.tested by both the British and Germans.

e.vetoed by President Wilson.

d.
The program that began in 1942 that allowed experienced Mexican agricultural workers to cross the border to work under government labor contracts was called the:

a.bracero program.

b.Chicano program.

c.migrant-worker program.

d.”zoot suit” program.

e.pueblo program

a.
The Reconstruction Finance Corporation:

a.offered aid to home owners facing foreclosure.

b.made loans to failing businesses.

c.offered direct relief to the unemployed.

d.was vetoed by Hoover.

e.ended the Great Depression.

b.
The Red Scare:

a.was caused by the fear of a Russian invasion.

b.advanced the cause of labor.

c.strengthened the Industrial Workers of the World.

d.refers to widespread fears of influenza in 1918.

e.was an intense period of political intolerance.

e.
The Roosevelt Corollary:

a.claimed the right of the United States to act as a police power in the Western Hemisphere.

b.claimed the right of the United States to act as a police power in Asia.

c.claimed the right of the United States to act as a police power in Africa.

d.was also known as Dollar Diplomacy.

e.contradicted the Monroe Doctrine.

a.
The Scopes trial illustrated a divide between:

a.modernism and fundamentalism.

b.Progressives and Democrats.

c.liberalism and conservatism.

d.cultural diversity and nativism.

e.feminism and machismo.

a.
The Second New Deal:

a.focused on economic security.

b.focused on economic relief.

c.focused on business recovery.

d.focused on civil liberties.

e.included no new taxes.

a.
The Treaty of Versailles:

a.was a fair and reasonable document given the circumstances.

b.allowed Germany equal participation in the negotiation process.

c.required Germany to pay over $33 billion in reparations.

d.rejected Wilson’s idea for a League of Nations.

e.declared Ireland’s independence.

c.
The Wagner Act:

a.created the Works Progress Administration.

b.allowed the National Labor Relations Board to supervise union elections.

c.sponsored ballet and modern dance programs.

d.made all unions illegal.

e.affected only government employees.

b.
The “zoot suit” riots of 1943:

a.were a series of fashion shows in Hollywood.

b.involved Mexican immigrants fighting with blacks in Los Angeles.

c.involved autoworkers in Detroit.

d.highlighted the limits of racial tolerance during World War II.

e.highlighted the growing acceptance of Mexicans in southern California.

d.
What ended the Great Depression?

a.New Deal programs.

b.The rebound of the stock market.

c.World War II spending.

d.Laissez-faire government.

e.A bailout by J. P. Morgan.

c.
What factor contributed to the growth of union membership in the 1930s?

a.Workers’ militancy and the tactical skills of a new generation of leaders.

b.The government’s unsympathetic view of workers’ rights.

c.The minimal amount of labor unrest during the 1930s.

d.The American Federation of Labor’s willingness to organize unions of industrial workers.

e.The United Auto Workers’ opposition to sit-down strikes.

a.
Which act restricted the freedom of speech by authorizing the arrest of anyone who made “false statements” that might impede military success?

a.The Alien Act.

b.The Espionage Act.

c.The War Powers Act.

d.The Committee on Public Information Act.

e.The USA Patriot Act.

b.
Which statement about the Japanese-American internment is FALSE?

a.The press supported the policy of internment almost unanimously.

b.The Supreme Court refused to intervene.

c.Japanese-Americans in Hawaii were exempt from the policy.

d.Japan used it as proof that America was racist toward nonwhite people.

e.Once their loyalty was proven, they were free to leave.

e.
Which statement about the Social Security Act is FALSE?

a.It included aid to families with dependent children.

b.It was original in its concept and design.

c.Congress dropped the provision for national health insurance from the original bill.

d.It created a system of unemployment insurance.

e.Its coverage excluded most blacks from the program.

b.
Which statement is true about the UAW sit-down strikes in Flint, Michigan?

a.The Democratic governor used force against the workers.

b.The workers were disunited.

c.The workers failed to get General Motors to negotiate.

d.The workers stayed inside the plants and kept the machines in working order.

e.The UAW were the first to use sit-down tactics.

d.
Which program employed white-collar workers and professionals, including doctors, writers, and artists?

a.The Wagner Act.

b.The Civilian Conservation Corps.

c.The Works Progress Administration.

d.The Tennessee Valley Authority.

e.The National Recovery Administration.

c.
Wilson’s Fourteen Points included all of the following principles EXCEPT:

a.an end to colonization.

b.self-determination for all nations.

c.freedom of the seas.

d.open diplomacy.

e.free trade.

a.
Woodrow Wilson’s moral imperialism in Latin America produced:

a.eight years of unprecedented stability in the region.

b.more military interventions than any other president before or since.

c.economic growth and diversity for the region.

d.very little to show for the policy, as his attention was mostly on Europe.

e.strong allies for the United States in World War I, especially Mexico.

b.
Why did Americanization programs often target women?

a.Proponents of Americanization did not want to antagonize men.

b.Immigrant women had the most visible presence in public.

c.They understood women as the bearers and transmitters of culture.

d.Women offered less resistance to Americanization programs.

e.Women tended to speak English whereas men typically did not.

c.
Why did FDR try to change the balance of power on the Supreme Court?

a.He feared the Supreme Court might invalidate the Wagner and Social Security acts.

b.He was worried about being able to run for a third term as president.

c.He needed the Court’s support for upcoming war measures against Germany.

d.He feared that the Supreme Court might invalidate the National Recovery Act or the Agricultural Adjustment Act.

e.He feared that the Supreme Court might deem sit-down strikes unconstitutional.

a.
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