History chapter 19,20,21, & 22 study set (alphabetical)
a.Hoover’s ties with business.
b.increased European demand for American goods.
c.declining American purchasing power.
d.excessive government regulation of business.
e.the 1924 Immigration Act.
a.The right to vote.
b.A standard of living.
c.Ownership of a home.
d.Working for a living wage.
a.restricted employment opportunities.
b.menial and unskilled jobs.
c.exclusion from the public school system.
a.enjoyed its golden age.
b.did not see an increase in mechanization or use of fertilizers and insecticides.
c.did not significantly increase production.
d.experienced declining incomes and increased bank foreclosures.
e.experienced an increase in the number of farms and farmers.
a.the “Brain Trust” saw big corporations as an inevitable part of the modern economy.
b.the “Brain Trust” believed that large corporations needed to be directed by the government.
c.the “Brain Trust” included university professors.
d.their economic views defined the “First New Deal.”
e.the “Brain Trust” believed that large corporations needed to be dismantled.
a.Prohibition reduced American consumption of alcohol.
b.Prohibition was violated by many Americans.
c.Prohibition led to widespread corruption among law officials.
d.Prohibition led to large profits for the owners of speakeasies and for the bootleggers who supplied them.
e.Religious fundamentalists opposed Prohibition on the grounds that it violated freedom.
a.reflected the close relationship between government and business.
b.expanded on Woodrow Wilson’s goal of internationalism.
c.included the lowering of tariffs.
d.discouraged American business investment abroad.
e.included a complete retreat from military intervention.
a.was another term for “Fordism.”
b.was supported by all Progressives.
d.refers to the process of assimilation.
e.refers to an economic system.
a.supported U.S. intervention.
b.supported U.S. neutrality.
c.wanted to move beyond isolationism.
e.favored an end to international trade.
a.pledged to continue Dollar Diplomacy.
b.emphasized the profit aspect of foreign trade.
c.never resorted to military intervention abroad.
d.pledged to stay out of Latin America and kept his word.
e.believed that the export of U.S. manufactured goods went hand in hand with the spread of democracy.
a.churches, political parties, and fraternal organizations.
b.the Ku Klux Klan and the Immigrant Restriction League.
c.the Supreme Court and Congress.
d.dance halls, department stores, and movie theaters.
e.women’s organizations and the NAACP.
a.was a new movement with no historical antecedents.
b.was a complete rejection of Marcus Garvey’s political ideals.
c.was rejected by W. E. B. Du Bois.
d.connected the plight of black Americans to that of people of color worldwide.
e.supported colonial rule if it followed the principles of the New Deal.
a.had ended the Depression.
b.had the full support of the Supreme Court.
c.was validated in the United States v. Butler decision.
d.faced mounting pressures and criticism.
e.was declared unconstitutional.
a.was the adopted philosophy of the Ku Klux Klan.
b.described a society that gloried in ethnic diversity.
c.was denounced by Randolph Bourne.
d.described the mood in Congress when it passed the Immigration Act.
e.was the driving force behind the conviction of Sacco and Vanzetti.
a.challenged the idea that southeastern Europeans were unfit for citizenship.
b.was another way of describing the process of Americanization.
c.represented the underlying principles of the 1924 Immigration Act.
d.was a theory that shaped most public policy during the 1920s.
e.was not favored by most immigrants.
a.Allied invasion of the Soviet Union.
b.Allied invasion of Japan.
c.Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor.
d.dropping of the atomic bombs on Japan.
e.Allied invasion of Europe at Normandy.
a.the German invasion of Poland.
b.the Japanese assault on Indochina.
c.the Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor.
d.the German declaration of war against the United States.
e.Jeannette Rankin’s vote against a declaration of war.
a.characterizes the foreign policy of Theodore Roosevelt.
b.was put in place by Woodrow Wilson regarding Mexico.
c.was used by William Howard Taft instead of military intervention.
d.was seldom used and never successfully.
e.was applied only in Asia.
b.the white supremacist South.
c.the business elite.
a.an estimated 40 percent of the population remained in poverty.
b.real wages rose faster than corporate profits.
c.wealth became more evenly distributed.
d.small auto companies flourished.
e.New England experienced an industrial revival.
a.resisted new ventures abroad in the aftermath of World War I.
b.demonstrated limited interest in controlling raw materials in other countries.
c.produced few automobiles for international markets.
d.extended their reach throughout the world.
e.reduced investments overseas.
a.experienced the rationing of scarce consumer goods such as gasoline.
b.found fewer consumer goods available by 1944.
c.still suffered from high unemployment.
d.were told that the end of war might bring a return of the Great Depression.
e.experienced extreme deprivation.
a.in Iowa, the governor required that all oral communication be done in English.
b.”hamburger” was changed to “liberty sandwich.”
c.the director of the Boston Symphony was interned for playing the works of German composers.
d.the teaching of foreign languages was restricted in many states.
a.intervened minimally in the economy.
b.encouraged farmers only to produce for American consumption.
c.increased corporate and individual income taxes.
d.pursued a laissez-faire economic policy.
e.established the minimum wage and the eight-hour day.
a.the study of the supposed mental characteristics of different races.
b.the movement toward colonization in Africa by blacks from the United States.
c.the practice of using poison gas by the Germans during World War I.
d.the socialist strategy of infiltrating labor unions in the United States.
e.the genetic modification of human behavior.
a.was overturned by the Supreme Court.
b.authorized the internment of German-Americans.
c.authorized the internment of Italian-Americans.
d.authorized the internment of Japanese-Americans.
e.exempted all those who were technically American citizens.
a.freedom from want.
b.freedom of speech.
c.freedom from fear.
d.freedom of enterprise.
e.freedom of religion.
c.Civil Liberties Act.
e.Popular Front Act.
a.blameless victims of their own government.
b.similar to the Germans and Italians.
c.bestial and subhuman.
b.cuts in government spending.
c.Keynesian economic theory.
a.was developed by the Communist Party.
b.was another term for Americanization.
c.was applauded by the American Federation of Labor.
d.advocated government regulation of business.
e.advocated the “open shop.”
a.were all out of reach of most consumers.
b.helped create and spread a new celebrity culture.
c.were not yet available.
d.appealed only to women.
e.were only available in urban areas.
a.allowed Great Britain to purchase U.S. arms on a restricted basis.
b.allowed Germany to purchase U.S. arms on a restricted basis.
c.allowed Japan to purchase U.S. arms on a restricted basis.
d.allowed all belligerents to purchase U.S. arms on a restricted basis.
e.was voted down by Congress.
a.unemployment declined, production soared, and income taxes increased.
b.the economy grew only slightly.
c.income taxes increased only for the wealthy.
d.little was done to regulate the economy.
e.the actual size of the federal government shrank as the New Deal ended.
a.relied on limited government spending.
b.relied on large-scale government spending.
c.was based on maintaining a balanced budget.
d.was rejected by Roosevelt as unworkable.
e.focused on economic planning.
a.companies supported propaganda campaigns that linked unions with socialism.
b.companies began to adopt a program of “welfare capitalism.”
c.labor unions were tarnished by the 1919 labor upsurge.
d.some corporations began to provide employees with pensions and medical insurance.
e.through collective bargaining, labor unions had secured a national eight-hour day.
a.limited government and free market enterprise.
b.active government to uplift less fortunate members of society.
c.a trust in the government to regulate personal behavior.
d.individual autonomy, limited government, and unregulated capitalism.
e.workers’ ownership of the means of production.
a.decreasing union membership.
b.agreeing to a no-strike pledge.
c.accepting wage cuts.
d.asking Congress to abolish Social Security.
e.joining the army.
a.immediately increasing government aid to the unemployed.
d.reassuring Americans that “the tide had turned.”
e.resigning from office.
a.refers to a movie star during World War II.
b.was a term applied only to black women workers.
c.described only single women workers.
d.refers to Norman Rockwell’s image of a female industrial laborer.
e.refers to a type of industrial machinery.
a.raised farm prices by establishing quotas and paying farmers not to plant more.
b.lowered farm prices by establishing quotas and paying farmers to grow more.
c.was beneficial to sharecroppers and tenant farmers.
d.established a government program of distributing food to the hungry.
e.was limited to the West Coast.
a.changing “hamburger” to “liberty sandwich.”
b.changing “sauerkraut” to “liberty cabbage.”
c.banning German music.
d.the decline in teaching German language.
e.barring German-Americans from serving in the military.
a.the Allied war efforts in Europe and Asia.
b.the effort to end discrimination against Mexican immigrants and blacks.
c.women’s struggle for acceptance as industrial workers and mothers.
d.the effort to end discrimination against blacks while fighting fascism.
e.not supported by the NAACP.
a.prohibited the manufacture and sale of alcoholic beverages.
b.prohibited the manufacture and sale of any German products.
c.was never ratified.
d.barred states from passing laws prohibiting alcohol manufacture or sale.
e.protected the beer industry.
a.were the first federal restrictions on free speech since 1798.
b.drew mostly from similar language in state law.
c.came after strong public calls for a more “defensible democracy.”
d.copied similar legislation from Germany, Russia, and the Ottoman Empire.
e.were put on the books but never applied.
a.it banned goods produced by child labor from interstate commerce.
b.it established the fifty-hour workweek.
c.it set the minimum wage.
d.it required overtime pay.
e.it regulated working conditions.
a.was a series of policy experiments.
b.led to the construction of few public facilities.
d.ended the Great Depression.
e.provided relief to very few Americans.
a.epitomized the change in standards of sexual behavior.
b.represented a new political movement.
c.represented a new economic radicalism.
d.disapproved of smoking.
e.demanded a return to earlier standards of behavior.
a.was a campaign slogan of the Republicans.
b.were the war aims of Nazi Germany.
c.were President Roosevelt’s statement of the Allied war aims.
d.included the freedom to join the Communist Party.
e.did not apply to Jehovah’s Witnesses.
a.vote for Franklin Roosevelt’s third term in 1940.
b.enter the European war.
c.buy war bonds.
d.oppose U.S. involvement in World War II.
e.support the Good Neighbor Policy.
a.was very limited in scope.
b.included scholarships for education for veterans.
c.extended benefits to very few veterans.
d.did not include health insurance.
e.was unavailable for African-American veterans.
a.many Americans took to the road in search of work.
b.many Americans left cities for the countryside.
c.there was massive unemployment.
d.many Americans lived in Hoovervilles.
e.the American suicide rate declined.
a.a land speculation bubble in Florida.
b.an unequal distribution of wealth.
c.an agricultural recession throughout the decade.
d.stagnated sales in the auto and consumer goods industries after 1926.
e.increased government regulation of banking and the stock market.
a.whites settling the West.
c.blacks moving from the South to the North.
d.blacks moving from the North to the South.
e.the massive influx of southern and eastern European immigrants.
a.was the spread of contagious disease in Asia.
b.was the mass extermination of millions of Jews and others in Nazi death camps.
c.included the dropping of the atomic bombs on Japan.
d.is the equivalent of D-Day.
e.was the mass slaughter of the Chinese during the Japanese invasion.
a.declined in the 1920s and eventually disappeared completely.
b.flourished in the early 1920s, especially in the North and West.
c.had fewer than 500 members nationwide by the mid-1920s.
d.continued to only target African-Americans.
e.was limited in its political influence.
a.was never passed.
b.established codes that set standards for production, prices, and wages in several industries.
c.established codes that continued the open-shop policies of the 1920s.
d.encouraged “cutthroat” competition between businesses.
e.was an economic policy later adopted successfully in Hitler’s Germany.
a.honored by all the combatants.
b.tested only by the British.
c.tested only by the Germans.
d.tested by both the British and Germans.
e.vetoed by President Wilson.
d.”zoot suit” program.
a.offered aid to home owners facing foreclosure.
b.made loans to failing businesses.
c.offered direct relief to the unemployed.
d.was vetoed by Hoover.
e.ended the Great Depression.
a.was caused by the fear of a Russian invasion.
b.advanced the cause of labor.
c.strengthened the Industrial Workers of the World.
d.refers to widespread fears of influenza in 1918.
e.was an intense period of political intolerance.
a.claimed the right of the United States to act as a police power in the Western Hemisphere.
b.claimed the right of the United States to act as a police power in Asia.
c.claimed the right of the United States to act as a police power in Africa.
d.was also known as Dollar Diplomacy.
e.contradicted the Monroe Doctrine.
a.modernism and fundamentalism.
b.Progressives and Democrats.
c.liberalism and conservatism.
d.cultural diversity and nativism.
e.feminism and machismo.
a.focused on economic security.
b.focused on economic relief.
c.focused on business recovery.
d.focused on civil liberties.
e.included no new taxes.
a.was a fair and reasonable document given the circumstances.
b.allowed Germany equal participation in the negotiation process.
c.required Germany to pay over $33 billion in reparations.
d.rejected Wilson’s idea for a League of Nations.
e.declared Ireland’s independence.
a.created the Works Progress Administration.
b.allowed the National Labor Relations Board to supervise union elections.
c.sponsored ballet and modern dance programs.
d.made all unions illegal.
e.affected only government employees.
a.were a series of fashion shows in Hollywood.
b.involved Mexican immigrants fighting with blacks in Los Angeles.
c.involved autoworkers in Detroit.
d.highlighted the limits of racial tolerance during World War II.
e.highlighted the growing acceptance of Mexicans in southern California.
a.New Deal programs.
b.The rebound of the stock market.
c.World War II spending.
e.A bailout by J. P. Morgan.
a.Workers’ militancy and the tactical skills of a new generation of leaders.
b.The government’s unsympathetic view of workers’ rights.
c.The minimal amount of labor unrest during the 1930s.
d.The American Federation of Labor’s willingness to organize unions of industrial workers.
e.The United Auto Workers’ opposition to sit-down strikes.
a.The Alien Act.
b.The Espionage Act.
c.The War Powers Act.
d.The Committee on Public Information Act.
e.The USA Patriot Act.
a.The press supported the policy of internment almost unanimously.
b.The Supreme Court refused to intervene.
c.Japanese-Americans in Hawaii were exempt from the policy.
d.Japan used it as proof that America was racist toward nonwhite people.
e.Once their loyalty was proven, they were free to leave.
a.It included aid to families with dependent children.
b.It was original in its concept and design.
c.Congress dropped the provision for national health insurance from the original bill.
d.It created a system of unemployment insurance.
e.Its coverage excluded most blacks from the program.
a.The Democratic governor used force against the workers.
b.The workers were disunited.
c.The workers failed to get General Motors to negotiate.
d.The workers stayed inside the plants and kept the machines in working order.
e.The UAW were the first to use sit-down tactics.
a.The Wagner Act.
b.The Civilian Conservation Corps.
c.The Works Progress Administration.
d.The Tennessee Valley Authority.
e.The National Recovery Administration.
a.an end to colonization.
b.self-determination for all nations.
c.freedom of the seas.
a.eight years of unprecedented stability in the region.
b.more military interventions than any other president before or since.
c.economic growth and diversity for the region.
d.very little to show for the policy, as his attention was mostly on Europe.
e.strong allies for the United States in World War I, especially Mexico.
a.Proponents of Americanization did not want to antagonize men.
b.Immigrant women had the most visible presence in public.
c.They understood women as the bearers and transmitters of culture.
d.Women offered less resistance to Americanization programs.
e.Women tended to speak English whereas men typically did not.
a.He feared the Supreme Court might invalidate the Wagner and Social Security acts.
b.He was worried about being able to run for a third term as president.
c.He needed the Court’s support for upcoming war measures against Germany.
d.He feared that the Supreme Court might invalidate the National Recovery Act or the Agricultural Adjustment Act.
e.He feared that the Supreme Court might deem sit-down strikes unconstitutional.